Given the following code, what is the complexity of *3.* and how would I represent simple algorithms with the following complexities?

O(n²+n)

O(n²+2n)

O(logn) O(nlogn)

```
var collection = new[] {1,2,3};
var collection2 = new[] {1,2,3};
//1.
//On
foreach(var i in c1)
{
}
//2.
//On²
foreach(var i in c1)
{
foreach(var j in c1)
{
}
}
//3.
//O(nⁿ⁺ᵒ)?
foreach(var i in c1)
{
foreach(var j in c2)
{
}
}
```

3 is O(n*m), or O(n^2) if the two collections are the same size.

O(n^2+n) is pointless because n is smaller than n^2. Just write O(n^2).

Most decent comparison sort algorithms run at O(n*log(n)). If you don't know any, look on Wikipedia.

A binary search is O(log(n)).

The outer `foreach`

is executed n = |`c1`

| times (where |x| is the size of `c1`

), while the inner `foreach`

is executed m = |`c2`

| times. That's O(n * m) times in total.

how would I represent simple algorithms with the following complexities?

- O(n²+n)

This is the same as O(n^2). Something that takes O(n^2) time would be drinking a toast with every other person at a party, assuming that there's always exactly two people in a toast, and only one person does the toasting at a time.

- O(n²+2n)

Same as above; the O(n^2) term dominates. Another example of an O(n^2) effort is planting trees in a square garden of length `n`

, assuming it takes constant time to plant each tree, and that once you plant a tree other trees are excluded from its vicinity.

- O(logn)

An example of this would be finding a word in a dictionary by repeatedly picking the midpoint of the region of pages you need to search next. (In other words, a binary search.)

- O(nlogn)

Use the above algorithm, but now you have to find *every* word in the dictionary.

Complexity of 3 is O(m*n). There is no complexity O(n^{2}+n) or O(n^{2}+2n). It is just O(n^{2}). This is because n is o(n^{2}).

Example of O(log(n)) is binary search.

Example of O(n*log(n)) is merge sort.

There is no O(n²+n) or O(n^2 + 2n). Leaving aside most of the mathematical foundations of algorithmic complexity, you at least need to know that it is "aymptotic." As N approaches infinity, the value of n^2 + n is dominated by the n ^ 2 term, so that is the asymptotic complexity of n^2 + n.

3's complexity is O(I * J), where I and J are the size of the inputs in c1 and c2.

Truth be told O(n²+n) & O(n²+2n) are the same.

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